Washington envisage un déclin de la production de pétrole mondiale à partir de 2011

Source : Le monde, 23 mars 2010

Le département de l’énergie américain reconnaît qu’“il existe une chance pour que nous fassions l’expérience d’un déclin” de la production mondiale de carburants liquides entre 2011 et 2015 “si les investissements font défaut”, selon un entretien exclusif avec Glen Sweetnam, principal expert officiel du marché pétrolier au sein de l’administration Obama.

Cette alerte sur les capacités mondiales de production pétrolière lancée depuis Washington intervient au moment où la demande mondiale de pétrole repart à la hausse, et tandis que de nombreux projets d’extraction ont été gelés à cause la chute des cours du brut et de la crise financière.

Glen Sweetnam, qui dirige la division internationale, économique et des gaz à effet de serre au sein de l’administration de l’information sur l’énergie du DoE, ne dit pas que les investissements nécessaires feront “défaut”. Toutefois, la réponse au problème de savoir où, quand et dans quelles quantités des sources supplémentaires de pétrole pourront être mises en exploitation demeure largement “non identifiée” aux yeux du plus proéminent analyste officiel en matière d’énergie au sein de l’administration Obama.

Continuez ici


Push to Eat Local Hampered

Source: NY Times March 26, 2010

EAST MONTPELIER, Vt. — Erica Zimmerman and her husband spent months pasture-raising pigs on their farm here, but when the time came to take them to slaughter, an overbooked facility canceled their appointment.

With the herd in prime condition, and the couple lacking food and space to keep them, they frantically called slaughterhouses throughout the state. After several days they found an opening, but their experience highlights a growing problem for small farmers here and across the nation: too few slaughterhouses to meet the growing demand for locally raised meat.

In what could be a major setback for America’s local-food movement, championed by so-called locavores, independent farmers around the country say they are forced to make slaughter appointments before animals are born and to drive hundreds of miles to facilities, adding to their costs and causing stress to livestock.

Continue here


Couple trades corporate life for bakery

Source: Globe & Mail, March 17, 2010

Bruce Stewart earned his spurs in the food industry in the sales department of monolithic Kraft Foods – some might say the original purveyor of fast food.

Today, he is a champion of the slow food movement, running an organic bakery in a seaside village where he can cite the provenance of each type of grain running through his mill.

His own journey has helped transform Cowichan Bay, B.C., into a foodie destination, with the True Grain Bakery at the hub. With his help, the village was accredited last year as North America's first Cittaslow town – joining a cultural movement that started in Italy to push back against the fast-lane life.

Read on


Bees in the City? New York May Let the Hives Come Out of Hiding

Source: NY Times, March 14, 2010

Kathleen Boyer suspects the mailman.

She said she could not think of anyone else in her neighborhood who would have complained about the two beehives she kept under a pine tree in her front yard in Flatbush, Brooklyn, leading the city’s health department to fine her $2,000 last fall.

“I was kind of surprised,” said Mrs. Boyer, an art director with a media company. “People see us in our bee suit and they’d bring their kids to watch us and ask us questions.”

New York City is among the few jurisdictions in the country that deem beekeeping illegal, lumping the honeybee together with hyenas, tarantulas, cobras, dingoes and other animals considered too dangerous or venomous for city life. But the honeybee’s bad rap — and the days of urban beekeepers being outlaws — may soon be over.

On Tuesday, the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene’s board will take up the issue of amending the health code to allow residents to keep hives of Apis mellifera, the common, nonaggressive honeybee. Health department officials said the change was being considered after research showed that the reports of bee stings in the city were minimal and that honeybees did not pose a public health threat.

Continue here


Backyard chicken advocates rally in Calgary

Source : CBC News

Chickens strutted on a Calgary sidewalk Wednesday night as about 100 people rallied for a bylaw change that would make raising the birds in backyards legal.

The rally, organized by the Canadian Liberated Urban Chicken Klub (CLUCK), was held outside a movie theatre in the neighbourhood of Kensington.

During the rally, some chickens pecked at the sidewalk, while others were in pens.

"I think that urban chickens have a place in the city. I think that there are so many positives that outweigh the negatives, I'm all for it," said Andrea Anon, who was in the crowd.

"Especially since this works in huge cities like Vancouver and Seattle, why can't we have it work in Calgary where we're even more agricultural friendly?" added Jennifer Cavanagh.

Some Calgarians raise chickens in their backyards, even though a city bylaw forbids raising livestock in most urban areas. There is an exemption for pigeons.
Bylaw officer suggests review

The head of the city's bylaw services, Bill Bruce, wants to take a second look at the issue.

"A lot of things have changed in the last couple of years with how people think about food and how they think about how food is raised. So I think it's probably an appropriate time for us to have a look. Is this bylaw current and appropriate or does there need to be some changes made?"

Two Calgarians have been charged with raising backyard chickens and have court dates set for next month.

Paul Hughes, a member of the CLUCK group who raises chickens in a shed, said he hopes that those cases will be adjourned until after the bylaw review, which he supports.

"We're 100 per cent co-operative with that [review] and we fully endorse that. We think that's a great idea. Let's get all the facts on the table, let's look at what other jurisdictions are doing."


Local Food Forum - Forum sur l'alimentation locale

le 21 mars à 12 h 30.
L'Osmose Université de Moncton

Parrainé par :
Grand Moncton Post Carbone
Réserve de biosphère de Fundy
Le réseau d’action de la sécurité alimentaire du N.-B.
L’Université de Moncton

Aucun frais d'admission


March 21 at 12:30 pm.
L'Osmose Université de Moncton

Co-sponsored by:

Post Carbon Greater Moncton
Fundy Biosphere Reserve
NB Food Security Network
L’Université de Moncton

No admission fee


'Peak Oil Demand,' Yes... But Not the Nice Kind

Why There Will Be No Recovery

By Chris Nelder
Friday, March 5th, 2010 (source: www.energyandcapital.com)

When oil crossed $120 a barrel for the first time in May 2008, oil cornucopians knew they were in trouble...

Prices had quadrupled in just five years, yet had failed to bring new production online. Regular crude had flatlined around 74 million barrels per day (mbpd). The case for peak oil was looking stronger with every new uptick in crude futures.

The following month, prominent peak oil critic and cornucopian Daniel Yergin of IHS-CERA changed his stance: The peak oil threat would be neutralized by peak demand. Gasoline consumption had peaked in the U.S. and Europe, he argued, due to the combined effects of increasing efficiency, biofuels, and the recession.

In 2009 the peak demand story seemed confirmed, as prices stabilized around $70 in June, and U.S. consumption remained well off its previous high. Most people thought the nearly 2 mbpd decline in U.S. petroleum demand from 2007 through 2009 owed to efficiency and people driving less.

In reality, only about 15% owed to reduced gasoline demand. The other 85% was lost in the commercial and industrial sector: jet fuel, distillates (including diesel), kerosene, petrochemical feedstocks, lubricants, waxes, petroleum coke, asphalt and road oil, and other miscellaneous products.

Very simply, when oil got to $120 a barrel it cut into real productivity, and forced the world's most developed economies to shrink. At $147, it wreaked serious damage.

Full article here